Work vs Benefits: Social Security Benefits and Employment for the Developmentally Disabled

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Work vs Benefits: Social Security Benefits and Employment for the Developmentally Disabled

In June of 2018, I created the Metro NYC Autism Economy page as we are starting to see jobs for the Developmentally Disabled community. This also raised a number of questions as the wages could be a detriment for benefit programs that are in place today for my son and many in our population. 

Autism Speaks came out with this video and frequently asked questions below to ease concerns about disability benefits. It's not perfect, but it is a really nice step in the right direction. 


What are some of my options to keep social security and work? 

Here are some examples of work incentives that you can consider:

Ticket to Work (TTW)

The TTW Program is an innovative program that can connect you with free employment services to help you decide if working is right for you, prepare for work, find a job or maintain success while you are working. It is a free and voluntary service. If you choose to participate, you will receive services such as career counseling, vocational rehabilitation, and job placement and training from authorized Ticket to Work service providers. Learn more here.

Impairment-Related Work Expenses (IRWE)

Social Security can deduct the cost of certain items, such as transportation services,  medical devices, etc., that are directly related to your disability and you must have to work. This means that when Social Security measures your income compared to the benefit limit, they will subtract the cost of these expenses. Learn more here

Plan to Achieve Self-Support (PASS)

A PASS allows you to set-aside expenses related to achieving a work goal. These expenses may include start-up funding for a business, a vocational assessment, training, etc. Social Security does not count the income you set aside when they calculate your SSI payment amount or eligibility for SSI. For example, a PASS Must be specific to achieve a detailed work.  Learn more here.

Expedited Reinstatement (EXR)

If you find employment that causes you to lose your benefits and you lose your job for some reason, you may be able to have your benefits started again right away through a request for Expedited Reinstatement. To qualify, you must apply within five years of losing your Social Security Disability benefits due to gainful employment. Learn more here.

What is the Medicaid Buy-In program?

This program allows workers with disabilities who have earnings that exceed traditional Medicaid rules to “buy in” to Medicaid coverage. Ideally, it means workers with disabilities do not need to choose between healthcare and work. Learn more here

Can someone help me understand my options?

Yes! There are a couple of free resources available to help you through this process.

Work Incentives Planning and Assistance (WIPA) Projects, where you can meet with Community Work Incentive Coordinators (CWICs). CWICs are benefits counselors who are trained and certified by Social Security to help you make informed choices about work.

CWICs can help make sure you have the right information for success. They will help you:

  • understand the impact of earnings on all of the benefits you receive
  • know which Social Security Work Incentives you’re entitled to
  • make a successful transition to financial independence

Call 1-866-968-7842 (Voice) or 1-866-833-2967 (TTY).  Learn more here.

Protection and Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security (PABSS) organizations, offer free legal help and advocacy assistance during your search for employment. They can advise you on challenges you might face such as:

  • requesting job accommodations
  • protecting your rights to housing and transportation to and from work
  • accessing services from community organizations
  • understanding conditions of your employment

Call 1-866-968-7842 (Voice) or 1-866-833-2967 (TTY).  Learn more here.

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2018 NYC Surfers Healing Barbecue and Fundraiser - Monday September 9, 2018

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2018 NYC Surfers Healing Barbecue and Fundraiser - Monday September 9, 2018

This is the annual New York City fundraiser for Surfers Healing. Our friend Izzy Paskowitz is a legendary Professional Surfer who now uses his surfing talents to teach thousands of Autistic children per year to surf in Australia, Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico and the East Coast of the United States. We barbeque steaks, hamburgers, and hot dogs at the Paul O. Colliton Studio, and we drink healthy amounts of water, beer, and wine. Our Surf DJ is Stephen Popkin for the evening. With this view of Chelsea, and the entertainment from the Surfers, our $75 suggested donation is THE BEST FUNDRAISER IN MANHATTAN! Please join us, it really is a great cause, group, location, and event.


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OPWDD Updates: Individual Supports and Services (ISS) Housing Subsidy Information for Landlords

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OPWDD Updates: Individual Supports and Services (ISS) Housing Subsidy Information for Landlords

This was originally published by OPWDD in the brochure below. It has been cut and paste for others to find via Google and similar online methods. It was distributed to New York State Housing Navigators via the New York Alliance for Inclusion and Innovation

New York Alliance is committed to improving the lives of people with disabilities and we do this through advocacy, education and training, technical assistance and advancing sound public policy.

New York Alliance’s website contains a variety of resources that are helpful to advance our organization’s mission and provide key information to our provider agency membership, policymakers and researchers, partners and advocates, family members and friends.
— New York Alliance

OPWDD Background - Housing Subsidy

The New York State Office for People With Developmental Disabilities (OPWDD) is a New York State agency that oversees the coordination of services for New Yorkers with developmental disabilities, such as Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, etc.

What is the OPWDD ISS Housing Subsidy?

The OPWDD Individual Supports and Services (ISS) Housing Subsidy works like other government funded housing subsidies that you may be familiar with, such as the Federal Housing Choice Voucher Program (i.e., Section 8).

It is designed to support income eligible people with developmental disabilities who choose to live in their community and who will be financially and legally responsible (i.e. lease holder) for their housing unit as a responsible tenant.

Tenants are expected to contribute approximately 30% of their countable income towards housing costs. The ISS Housing Subsidy pays the difference up to the maximum allowable.

The person can choose to live alone, with roommates and/or with a live-in-caregiver. The person may also be eligible for assistance with their security deposit and other moving expenses.


Landlord Information

What Type of Housing is Acceptable?

Acceptable housing includes: A single-family home, townhouse, condominium, apartment, co-op, or manufactured home that meets OPWDD’s criteria for housing assistance and is otherwise available to rent, own or occupy under a legally enforceable lease/agreement by the public and/or through an OPWDD provider agency.

The housing unit must meet OPWDD’s Housing Quality Standards, which are based on the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Housing Quality Standards (24 CFR 982.401) used for the Section 8 Voucher Program.

The housing unit must be a specific separate unit with kitchen and bathroom facilities and must meet local and state standards as a legal dwelling unit. The OPWDD ISS Housing Subsidy does not support renting a room.

Benefits for Landlords in Renting to People with I/DD who have an OPWDD ISS Housing Subsidy

At the beginning of every month you will receive a check toward the tenant’s portion of the rent from an OPWDD authorized provider agency.

The provider agency that administers the ISS Housing Subsidy will also help ensure that the tenant is meeting his/her responsibilities as a tenant and will intervene if there are any difficulties.

The tenant may have additional supports that assist him/her in maintaining and sustaining his/her tenancy.

Landlord Responsibilities

  • Preparing and executing a lease and/or occupancy agreement.

  • Maintaining the apartment according to housing quality standards.

  • Accepting the portion of the rent not included in the ISS Housing Subsidy if applicable.

  • Contacting the tenant and/or ISS Provider Agency if there are any difficulties and/or any changes to the rent, maintenance, lease renewal, etc.

The ISS Provider Agency Responsibilities

• Viewing and approving the housing unit and reviewing the lease with the prospective tenant.

• Processing and delivering rent checks.

• Assisting the person to coordinate the move and setting up his/her home and utility and cable accounts and in maintaining his/her tenancy in conjunction with others as applicable.

• Ensure that the tenant is meeting their housing responsibilities.


Referring Landlords to OPWDD

If you know of another interested landlord you can refer them to the OPWDD Home and Community Living Unit at 518-473-1973.

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Is the Otto Specht/Threefold Community the 'Integrated' Model We Have Been Looking For?

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Is the Otto Specht/Threefold Community the 'Integrated' Model We Have Been Looking For?

Over the past few years, the Developmentally Disabled community has heard chatter from Albany and Washington stressing 'Community Inclusion' and 'Integration'. The intent is to enable the Developmentally Disabled to live in an integrated environment rather than an isolated or 'intentional' community. There are two key benefits to an 'integrated model':

  1. It is better for a majority of the Developmentally Disabled population (recognizing, though, not all will be able to integrate);
  2. It is a less expensive model for New York State taxpayers. 

But what is integration, and how do we implement it without it being forced on but rather welcomed by society in a symbiotic, mutually beneficial relationship? The reality is, nobody really knows. NYS OPWDD presents a broad and very generic outline on their Most Integrated Setting Coordinating Counsel (MISCC) page

With thanks to our friend and Self-Direction Broker Ken Siri, we recently visited the Otto Specht School and the larger Threefold Community in Chestnut Ridge, NY (Rockland County), situated on a 200-acre campus just a few miles west of the Palisades Mall. 


The mission of the Otto Specht School is to make possible a self-sufficient and positive future for children with developmental delays, learning challenges and sensory imbalances who do not thrive in a typical classroom setting. To this end we provide innovative educational programming, based on the methods of Waldorf education, in a safe environment where therapeutic, social, and academic needs are addressed.
— Otto Specht website
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  Jeanette Rodriguez - Program Director of Otto Specht School

Jeanette Rodriguez - Program Director of Otto Specht School

Programs at Otto Specht include:

  1. Early Childhood
  2. Grades 1-12
  3. Vocational Arts Program (grades 9-12)
  4. Transitional Life Skills Program - offered for students who have completed High School and require a post-secondary program to build the practical, vocational, and social skills needed to successfully navigate their path towards independent living.

The Transitional Life Skills Program is growing, a reflection of obvious demand. Two Otto Specht families have purchased homes on the periphery of the campus for their adult children to potentially share with other adult residents. Other housing models are also being discussed. 


The task of Threefold Educational Foundation is to support and maintain a living community of practical work inspired by the teachings of Rudolf Steiner. The Foundation provides the spiritual basis for work arising from anthroposophy in the Threefold community.
— Threefold Foundation website

There are a many programs at the Threefold Educational Foundation, listed here

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One potential key to solving the 'integration question' for our Developmentally Disabled community is The Fellowship Community, a 501c3 separate from Otto Specht and Threefold. The Fellowship Community consists of "150 elderly persons, children and coworkers [that] live in a rural setting of farm, woods and orchards. Working and learning together in service to others and in caring for the earth is the central motif of the community life. The Fellowship Community operates the Duryea farm, a mixed vegetable production which also includes an apple orchard, dairy herd and on-farm dairy."

Eureka!! We have finally found a truly integrated community where elderly, neuro-typical, and developmentally disabled embrace the opportunity to live and thrive together in an established working community less that 40 miles from New York City. Now, how do we expand and replicate this model and its mission?


Fundraising for New Building at Otto Specht School & Community

Otto Specht's existing classrooms are temporary, rented spaces within the Threefold and Fellowship Communities. They have started a $16.7 million fundraising plan for a new building on the campus:

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From the Otto Specht website, "The building's two wings embrace the landscape and invite the beauty of the surrounding region into the building, while simultaneously bringing the inside "out" through frequent opportunities for engagement with the outdoors. A central lobby connects the two wings on the first and second levels, welcoming students, parents, and visitors to a light-filled community space at the heart of the building. The building will be located at the junction of a natural landscape, a biodynamic farm, and our therapeutic herb garden. The buildings' forms are attenuated, stretching voluminously over the landscape, as though they were pulled and twisted into being - infusing the environment with kinetic energy."

For additional information on the school building project, please see the Otto Specht fundraising page

For additional information on Threefold, see their website and their annual report below: 

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The Disability Opportunity Fund - 10th Anniversary Reception with Charlie Hammerman

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The Disability Opportunity Fund - 10th Anniversary Reception with Charlie Hammerman

The Vision of DOF is to create a society where financing is readily available to address the gap in housing and related services for people with disabilities and their families.
— Charles Hammerman - Disability Opportunity Fund
  Charles Hammerman - The Disability Opportunity Fund

Charles Hammerman - The Disability Opportunity Fund

 Ken Siri, Eric Silber, and Jeanette Rodriguez - FOC (Friends of Charlie)

Ken Siri, Eric Silber, and Jeanette Rodriguez - FOC (Friends of Charlie)

I met Charlie Hammerman when he first started The Disability Opportunity Fund (The DOF), and this week the fund celebrated their 10th Anniversary at The Princeton Club in NYC. The fund today has:

  • $32 million in assets as of 12/31/17;
  • 73 projects funded; and
  • 19,500 people with disabilities who have benefited from The DOF's financings. 

Charlie is a pioneer in the industry as he took the existing model of CDFI's (Community Development Financial Intermediaries) and focused The DOF on the disabilities market. Today, we are all benefitting from Charlie's (and his wife Nanci Freiman) vision for the disabilities market.

Below is The DOF's Strategic Plan for 2018 to 2022: 

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JCC Manhattan Focus Groups for Parents of Young Adults with Disabilities - Allison Kleinman

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JCC Manhattan Focus Groups for Parents of Young Adults with Disabilities - Allison Kleinman

  Allison Kleinman - JCC Manhattan

Allison Kleinman - JCC Manhattan

Allison Kleinman, LCSW is the Director of the Center for Special Needs + Adaptations at The Jack and Shirley Silver Center for Special Needs at the Marlene Meyerson JCC Manhattan. In her creation and spearheading of the department, Allison's focus has been on developing individualized paths for all people to connect to community and achieve their potential for independence.

With Allison's permission, I am posting the summary of her Focus Groups that were conducted by the JCC. All of the Center for Special Needs programs are open to the broader community.

In late May 2018, Allison also led a group of JCC families from The Silver Center for Special Needs to Israel for a week long trip to explore and study different housing models and philosophies in hopes of developing new ones here in NYC.


Focus Group Summary and Recommendations

Participants

Two focus groups of parents of young adults with Intellectual and/or Developmental Disorder (IDD) and/or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) were organized and led by the JCC’s Center for Special Needs (CSN) staff on April 18th and April 23rd, 2018 at the JCC Manhattan. In total, 18 parents of 16 individuals participated. The age range of the young adults whose parents attended is 16 to 35 with the majority in their early twenties. They all currently live with their parents, mostly in NYC. 

Focus groups: 

The goals of the groups were: 

(1) To better understand the social and recreational needs of the families served;

(2) To provide information on existing resources that may address some of these needs; and

(3) To facilitate the formation of connections between the parents.

Main findings: 

The central theme present in both focus groups was frustration and concern regarding the two inevitable transitions for each family present:

  • The immediate transition from relying on the special education school system to identifying, obtaining and/or creating services and programs for adults with disabilities. Several parents reported that navigating the associated bureaucratic complexities and finding suitable services places a considerable burden on them of time, knowledge and financial resources. Many parents spoke of the scarcity of services suitable for their children’s needs.
  • The second principle concern was regarding the availability of support systems in the future when the parents will no longer be able to care for their children. 

Recommendations and Potential Directions:

The needs and hopes shared in these two focus groups and in the survey reflect an underlying feeling of loneliness and disconnectedness from society that the young individuals (and sometimes parents) experience, as perceived by their parents, now that they are transitioning into adulthood. 

The concern for future support that will assure that their children’s lives continue to be engaging and meaningful now and when parents will no longer be able to oversee it is great and valid and should be given considerable attention in planning sustainable and/or scalable programs and services.

Addressing these needs can be done in a number of ways including:

  • Establishment of a forum / task-force / opportunities for professionals and family members to share information and collaborate with each other.
  • Development of long-term half/ full day programming focusing on recreational/social and vocational opportunities in a variety of settings.
  • Development and training of natural supports within the community, including community habilitation workers, job coaches, peer mentors/social companions, inclusive programming and volunteer opportunities.

Appendix 1

Prior to the group sessions, a survey was sent to parents who had contacted the CSN JCC staff regarding programming and opportunities for their children. Twelve out of the 14 survey respondents also participated in the groups. The survey found that only 15% of the respondents were satisfied with their children’s social/ recreational life. The predominant unfulfilled needs were related to social programming and friendship opportunities. More detailed demographics and survey responses are listed below. 

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Appendix 2 - The needs, hopes and specific areas of interest expressed by the parents include

Immediate needs:

Full/half day Post-21 programming where interests and social needs are addressed. 

  • Structured opportunities for socialization in order to create meaningful and age-appropriate friendships in contained and inclusive settings. 
    • Structured recreational and social programming suitable for individuals who need a higher level of support, such as individuals with limited verbal communication, behavioral issues or physical disabilities.
    • Particular areas of individual interest mentioned: culinary, pottery, fashion, theater groups, social skills, art and culture.
    • Programming focused on wellness: healthy habits and choices in nutrition, fitness, etc.
  • Vocational training and long-term supported job placement programs.
  • Travel-training support to enable participation in activities.
  • Becoming part of New York City society through engaging with the many cultural opportunities the city has to offer and developing a sense of belonging, as well as a greater level of independence and confidence in the city environment.
  • Inclusive programming involving peer mentors. 
  • A forum to share and receive updated information regarding services and to advocate for needs.

Future needs:

  • Sustainable long-term housing solutions.
  • Continued education opportunities in formal and informal settings.
  • Promotion of self-advocacy skills.
  • Programming developing independent living skills, focusing on Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) such as managing self-finance, shopping and meal preparation, household maintenance, etc. 
  • Programming related to sexuality and intimacy.

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Integrated Supportive Housing (ISH): Capital Funding from NY State OPWDD

Integrated Supportive Housing (ISH): Capital Funding from NY State OPWDD

Via our friend John Maltby of NY Alliance and sent to NY State Housing Navigators:


Tricia Downes, Senior Policy Analyst from OPWDD Homes and Community Living Division of Person Centered Supports met with the latest Housing Navigator class last week to discuss ISH and followed up with the information below:

“As discussed during last week’s Housing Navigator class, I am forwarding information regarding OPWDD’s Integrated Supportive Housing (ISH) program.

“Any Housing Navigators with additional questions can reach either me or Alex Brooks by email. 

Patricia.Downes@opwdd.ny.gov

alexander.s.brooks@opwdd.ny.gov


From OPWDD:

Please see the attached application for OPWDD capital funding for projects applying for larger funding under NYS Homes and Community Renewal’s (HCR’s) 2017 Unified Funding RFP.  Please note the due date of 4:30 pm on Monday, October 16 for all applications, which must be submitted to the following email box: cof.division.person.centered.supports@opwdd.ny.gov    

If you have any questions regarding this application, please contact Patricia Downes or Alexander Brooks of OPWDD Office of Home and Community Living at 518-473-1973.

JoAnn Lamphere, Deputy Commissioner, Division of Person Centered Supports